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Basil, Thai
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Ocimum basilicum

This basil offers an intensely sweet, anise-like fragrance with a hint of mint and citrus characteristic in Thai cuisine. 1 1/2 - 2 1/2 inches leaves are green at the base of the plant and grow purple towards the flowers.

Calendar Days to Harvest: 75

01703 Pack, Basil, Thai
125 seeds $ 3.49
  • Open Pollinated
  • Size: 18 inches
  • Hardiness: Tender Annual
  • Easy to Grow: Yes
  • Sun: Full
  • Water: Moderate
  • Seed Planting Depth: 0.25"
  • Days to Germination: 5-10 days
  • Plant spacing within a row: 6"-12"
Start From Seed: Detailed instructions for direct seeding, or starting seeds indoors and transplanting.
Basil can be either direct-seeded or transplanted. For direct seeding, plant in late spring when soil temperatures have reached at least 70°F and all danger of frost has passed. Plant 4-6 seeds per row foot, ¼ inch deep, and keep evenly moist. After germination, thin to one plant every 10-12 inches. To start seeds indoors, plant seeds ¼ inch deep in a sterile seed starting mix. Ideal soil temperature for germination is between 70-85 degrees Fairenheit, which can be adequately provided by a seedling heat mat. Under these conditions basil seeds germinate in 5-10 days.
Growing Conditions: Growing seasons, soil types, water and fertility requirements.
Basil is a quick growing, frost sensitive, warm season crop. It grows best in full sun with daytime temperatures from 80–90°F, and 60–75°F at night on well drained fertile, loamy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5. Maintain consistent soil moisture throughout growth. Pinch off flower buds as they emerge to promote bushiness and leaf production. Do not over fertilize as this will decrease the potency of the essential oils. Air temperatures below 38°F will cause leaves to discolor.
Pest Prevention: Organic solutions to common problems.
Basil is susceptible to a number of damping off organisms such as Pythium, Rhizoctonia and Phytophthora. Avoid overhead irrigation, which creates ideal micro-climates for seedling disease. A major disease issue for commercial growers in high humidity regions is the Fusarium Wilt fungus, which can destroy an entire crop. Genetic resistance is the best defense (see variety descriptions).
Harvest: Is it ready yet? When to harvest and how to store your garden produce.
Harvest in the morning after the dew has evaporated but before it gets too hot. For fresh use harvest leaves as needed by cutting just above a node to allow for regrowth. If drying, cut the entire plant at the base and hang to dry immediately after harvest, or spread the leaves out on screens and dry quickly in a dark, dry, well ventilated room. This versatile crop can be used for culinary, medicinal, aromatic, ornamental, and cosmetic purposes.
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